Wednesday, April 18, 2012

4/14/2012 Dacoma / Cherokee, OK Tornadoes

After Friday's disappointment,  we awoke in OKC with sights on central KS for a highly anticipated "High Risk" of severe thunderstorms (Saturday was the main reason we decided to take the trip from AHN).  Most of the morning and afternoon turned out to be interesting from a meteorological standpoint.  Elevated convection was forming early in western/central KS and moving northeast across the central part of the state.  This convection and attendant cloud cover helped to minimize surface heating throughout a majority of the late morning/afternoon.  After heading west out of McPherson, KS we targeted new convection (slowly becoming surface based via RADAR appearance) just to the southwest of Dodge City, KS.  Due to a dead-end road (we got delormed!), we were forced sit and wait, squinting as hard as we could, at a reported wedge tornado to our southwest (see Tornado location (1) on chase log map).  As the wedge was approaching us, we were absolutely convinced that what we were watching to our west (albeit *very* poor contrast; couldn't even get a decent picture) was going to be the beginning of a huge day.  Turns out, we were dead wrong.  This tornado would not give us the pleasure of a good view as it lifted before coming within range of us.  Considering it was only ~1:30 PM CST, we weren't too discouraged, as there was plenty 'o daylight left, and ample insolation now occurring just ahead of the dryline in western OK and KS.  We stuck with this storm for a little while before deciding to bail to another storm to the south.  The decision was largely based on two failed attempts at tornadogenesis and the relatively "cool" feeling of the inflow feeding the cell.  We then intercepted a new cell coming out of OK (series of purple dots just north of the KS/OK border) and stuck with it for another two rounds of failed tornadogenesis.  At this time, there were basically 4 mature supercells traversing northern OK/Central KS, and we seemed to be positioned on the best looking cell in terms of RADAR appearance.  However, visually, the storm sucked!  Argh!  By this time, it's about 6:35 PM CST and I was thoroughly convinced that supercells we latched onto were not going to "produce" due to decreased surface lapse rates. I feared we were going home empty handed! We decided to give it one last go at a cell further to the south in Oklahoma that was heading toward Woods County.  This storm looked much better visually and didn't have any other convection to the south to alter the thermodynamics of the inflow parcels.  I started to feel much better as the storm began to show evidence of a nice clear slot, and it wasn't long before we spotted a tornado (see Tornado (2) on chase log).  This cell was one heck of a tornado producer, that went on to produce confirmed tornadoes intermittently all the way on the western side of Wichita, KS!  We observed at least two (maybe three?) tornadoes with this cell before calling it a chase as the darkness settled in (see Tornado (3) and (4) on chase log).  Tornadoes 3 and 4 were also the first time I have seen two tornadoes, or "sisters" as some chasers call them, at once.  What a treat!  We could have easily kept chasing given the isolated nature of the storm, but confirmed large tornadoes and darkness to not bode well together for chasing.  Thus, we may have missed some of the nighttime show, but at least we'll live to chase again :-)  After overnighting in Ponca City, OK, we made the trek back home to AHN.  Overall,  a very memorable chase! 

Meteorologically, I found these storms to be rather interesting and reminiscent of tornadoes described on 3 May 1999.  There were virtually no large hail reports with these supercells after the initiation stage, as well as very few cloud-to-ground lightning strikes. Interesting...

Chase log

Left this cell after two failed attempts and relatively "cool" inflow

Finally on our "target" storm
Near Dacoma, OK ; Tornado to our WSW (we saw plenty of dust swirls)
 New meso and tornado forming to our N...Tree gets picked up!  (click to enlarge)

We jogged a little east and north to get a better view of the new tornado
 Wow! Looking good now
 A few min later...
 Still looking N
 Nothing like being right in it ;-)  Good thing GPS data was old!
 A new tornado now forming to the northeast.  We've got sisters! 
Rope stage of the initial tornado
We jogged east and north one last time to take a look at the new tornado to our northeast, but light was quickly diminishing (contrast enhanced)

10x video of the chase can be found here.  My equipment sucks and I was too occupied by taking stills, so the video is not great.  Someday, I'll upgrade :-)

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

4/13/2012 HP Zits

Friday featured a concentrated, but interesting "day-before-the-day" setup for severe convection along a retreating dryline in western Oklahoma. Alan, Chuck, Matt, and I pulled the trigger on chasing the weekend convection and decided to leave Thursday evening, making it to Conway, AR, before overnighting. The chase turned out to be a little disappointing, with cells appearing very HP'ish both visually and on RADAR. Surface temperatures also seemed a little "cool," which likely inhibited steep lapse rates in the boundary layer. We latched on to a few HP supercells, one of them being near Blair, OK. There was a tornado reported with this storm after we left it (I know of a few chasers that claim to have video), but WFO OUN still has not issued any tornado LSR's associated with this cell. Below are some pictures (including some great anvil zits; some of the better I've witnessed) of the Blair storm as it edged eastward.
Outflow dominant HP supercell
Great CC lightning with plenty of anvil zits

Monday, April 9, 2012

Student Fees @ UGA

I normally refrain from posting non-weather/political commentary on this blog, but recent events have forced me to crunch some numbers. Numbers specifically related to student fee payments at the University of Georgia.

My tenure at UGA has consisted only of being a Ph.D. student (synonymous with graduate student for purposes of this post), so I am limited to this perspective. However, during my two years here I have witnessed student fees increase by 48.4%! The average graduate student (without a fee waiver) at UGA will pay roughly $844 to enroll in classes just for this year's summer session! (Table 1)

Table 1: 2006-2012 Graduate Student Fees at UGA by Category (click to enlarge)

A majority of this increase has come in the form of an "Institutional Fee" (Figure 1). In fact, the 2012 annual cost of the institutional fee alone is now roughly equal total annual student fees charged in 2007. Somewhere buried in UGA website, I was able to muster that the "Institutional Fee" was implemented in FY 2010 to "*help maintain the academic quality that you demand*". Ha! To me, this is also known as, "We are trying to not make cuts to positions across campus."

Figure 1: FA/SP Semester Changes in Fees (click to enlarge)

Looking at the annual total, one can easily see the increasing burden being put on graduate students at UGA (Figure 2). The average UGA graduate student now pays roughly $3,034 in annual student fees, up from $1,395 just five years ago. This equates to a 117.5% increase in just five years!

Figure 2: Annual UGA Graduate Student Fees FY 2007 - Present (click to enlarge)

IMO, this all stems from a much bigger problem in 'Merica today. It is quite easy to see the disinvestment in higher education at the state (and I would argue Federal too!) level. State cuts school budget; school doesn't want to raise tuition to look "affordable"; student fees are raised to account for this lack of investment. This puts all of the burden on the student!

When will it end? I cannot say for sure, but it does appear to me to be eerily similar to the collapse of the housing market. Skyrocketing costs of education and the pressure of attending college are forcing students to enter into loans that have absurd interest rates after graduation. If they cannot find a job (not the easiest thing to do in this current economic climate!), they will likely end up defaulting on their loan. Sound familiar?

I'm glad my terminal degree is on the horizon...